Rutger op 21 Januar 2011 · 11:15
J Trauma. 2009 Nov;67(5):1022-6.
An analysis of skiing and snowboarding injuries on Utah slopes.
Wasden CC, McIntosh SE, Keith DS, McCowan C.
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132, USA. email@example.com
RESULTS: Patients injured while skiing and snowboarding were predominantly men, representing 70.0% of injured skiers and 87.6% of injured snowboarders. The mean age for skiers was 41 (SD = 16), whereas the mean age for snowboarders was 23 (SD = 8). High percentages of patients among both groups had suffered injury to the head, which was more common in snowboarders when compared with skiers (27.3% vs. 20.4%, p = 0.010). Despite this fact, skiers tended to have slightly higher percentages of Glasgow Coma Scores in the moderate to severe range and accounted for all fatalities secondary to head injury (8 of 9 fatalities). The single snowboarder fatality was not caused by head injury but rather pneumothorax. Injuries to the head that were more common in skiers were fractures to the facial bones (5.2% vs. 1.4%, p = 0.003) and facial lacerations (5.8% vs. 2.9%, p = 0.035). Skiers were more likely to sustain injuries to the lower extremities (51.3% vs. 26.2%, p < 0.001), whereas snowboarders commonly had injuries to the abdomen and its organs (22.4% vs. 11.2%, p < 0.001). A considerable amount of snowboarders had injuries to the spleen (11.2%), liver (3.7%), and kidney (2.2%). Injuries to the spine were common in both groups but more in snowboarders (20.7% vs. 13.4%, p = 0.002). On an average, skiers spent 3.4 days in the hospital (SD = 3), a day longer than snowboarders who averaged 2.4 (SD = 2). Skiers were more frequently admitted to the floor or the operating room, whereas snowboarders were more often admitted to the intensive care unit.
appels met peren dus, kwestie van de juiste protectie kiezen (mild nieren , rug en hoofd iig van snowboarders)